Understanding CBD

When it comes to anything we put on or into our bodies, it’s better to know too much than too little. That’s why, here at Buena Vida, we offer ample information about the products we sell, and present it to the public in ways that are easy to understand. 

Research is ongoing, but preliminary studies show that CBD may aid with such ailments as anxiety, pain, inflammation, and insomnia. Highland Pharms has received many positive reviews for their CBD products, with users expressing their feelings of appreciation towards the effect some products have had in their lives. (1)

Their products come in many different forms including oils, gummies, lotions, and capsules. Each individual product page is accompanied by specific information, pertaining to that product type. 

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of many active chemical compounds found in the cannabis sativa plant. It’s extracted and mixed with ingredients such as carrier oils and creams to create a range of products—from topicals to tinctures.

The other well-known active compound derived from the cannabis plant is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—the notorious psychoactive chemical that causes a “high.”

Although derived from the same plant species as THC and thought to share similar benefits, CBD is non-psychoactive when extracted correctly. This is because the compound is carefully derived from hemp plants with 0.3% or less THC by dry weight. (2)

So, you can enjoy CBD products without fear of addiction or hallucination. 

How do we get CBD from hemp?

The very first step in obtaining CBD is harvesting hemp, followed by extraction and winterization. Each process is as intricate as the next.

For many years, hemp has been used for its fibers, seeds, and other substances. The cannabinoids present in the cannabis sativa plant are said to protect it from insects and UV rays. (3)

Usually, hemp plants are harvested at around 16 weeks. Experts recommended harvesting when just over half of the white hairs on the plant have turned brown. This is an indication that they have matured. If not, it is unlikely the plant will have the ideal amount of CBD for extraction. (4)

The stalk and fibers of the plant are the parts used to create CBD products, but they can also be used to make clothing, too. The top of the hemp plant contains hemp seeds, which can be eaten or turned into hemp seed oil.

Once the hemp has been harvested, it’s time to extract the CBD. There are a few methods for extracting CBD from hemp, and depending on the chosen process, it typically takes several hours. The extraction method depends heavily on the intended use of the CBD.

Extraction methods – 

Alcohol extraction

This process requires a high-alcohol solution or pure alcohol, in which the stems, seeds and flower parts are steeped. The whole spectrum of cannabinoids is separated and leached out of the plant into the liquid as the mixture heats. This process is the most popular because it is very simple and efficient. (3)

Oil extraction

Extraction using oil works similarly to the alcohol method. The CBD-rich parts of the plant are combined with an edible carrier oil, such as coconut, grapeseed or olive oil. The process results in the extraction of a full spectrum of cannabinoid compounds. It’s easy to do and inexpensive just like the alcohol extraction. 

CO2 extraction

CO2 stands for carbon dioxide and is a common gas found in the atmosphere. Supercritical CO2 extraction involves the supercooling of carbon dioxide, which is then used to dissolve the CBD out of the plant. This process is more expensive than oil or alcohol extraction and is quite complex, but it’s the gentlest and allows manufacturers to produce up to 99% pure CBD. (3)

Highland Pharms products use extract from the CO2 extraction method

After extraction, the next step is winterization. This is where any impurities or things that leached through in the extraction process are removed. Some of these elements could include waxes, fats or lipids. The name “winterization” references the fact that this step involves mixing the extracted oil with ethanol and then freezing it. This causes the impurities to harden, so they can be removed in filtration. Then, all that’s left is to remove the ethanol from the solution. 

The CBD is then typically boiled off to get rid of all the impurities. This process can be repeated until only pure CBD is left, if desired. (5)

Why Highland Pharms products are different

Purity and authenticity are the names of the game. We believe in the possible benefits of CBD and we’ve partnered with Highland Pharms because they do, too.

Highland Pharms utilizes the CO2 extraction method to remove the CBD rich extract from hemp in the most precise way, so that the resulting extract is in the best possible condition.

Many companies remove all other compounds besides CBD to save time and money, but Highland Pharms only use full-spectrum extract. This means that their products contain both CBD and other naturally occurring compounds that may bolster their health benefits, such as phytonutrients. Where possible, they also use natural and non-GMO ingredients.

What products do we offer? 

Through Highland Pharms we offer:

  • CBD capsules
  • CBD gummies
  • CBD oils
  • CBD Lotions

As well as:

  • CBG products (NEW)
  • Herbal supplements
  • CBD for your pets

Disclaimer: The information above is based on our independent research. While our team does everything in their power to provide accurate and current information from credible state-run websites and resources, we are not lawyers or legal experts. As such, none of the following information should be interpreted as legal advice. Content on these pages is provided for informational purposes only and those with legal concerns should consult experts within their state, such as the FDA.

References:

  1. “Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes,” Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151231/
  2. “Your Guide to CBD,” Source: https://www.healthline.com/health/your-cbd-guide
  3. “CBD From Hemp: How It’s Made,” Source: https://isodiol.com/hemp-oil-today/cbd-from-hemp-how-its-made/
  4. “How to Grow Hemp (What You Need to Know About Growing CBD Hemp),” Source: How to Grow Hemp (What You Need to Know About Growing CBD Hemp) | CBD School
  5. “How is CBD Oils Made and Extracted? The Process Outlines,” Source: https://americancannabisconsulting.com/how-cbd-oil-is-made-and-extracted/